**HSS 304: Applied Econometric Analysis (3)**

*Learning Objectives*:

- The nature of econometrics and economic data.
- The simple regression model and properties of OLS estimators
- Multiple regression analysis - Estimation and Inference
- Multiple regression analysis with Binary (dummy) variables
- Basic regression analysis with time series data.
- Statistical analysis with R programming.

*Course Contents*:

*The nature of econometrics and economic data:* definition of econometrics; cross-sectional data; time series data; panel data; causality; ceteris paribus.

*The simple regression model and properties of OLS estimators:* Deriving the ordinary least squares (OLS) estimates; fitted values, residuals and goodness-of-fit; units of measurement and functional form; unbiasedness and variances of OLS estimators; regression through origin.

*Multiple regression analysis- Estimation and Inference:* Deriving OLS estimates; interpreting the OLS regression equation; OLS fitted values, residuals and goodness-of-fit; omitted variable bias; multicollinearity; standard error of OLS estimators; efficiency of OLS – Gauss-Markov theorem; Testing hypotheses against one-sided alternatives, two-sided alternatives; p-value, t-test, F-test, confidence intervals; reporting linear regression results.

*Multiple regression analysis with Binary (dummy) variables:* using dummy variables for multiple categories; interactions among dummy variables; testing for differences in regression functions across groups; the linear probability model.

*Basic regression analysis with time series data:* Static models; finite distributed lag models; Gauss-Markov theorem; functional form, dummy variables and index number; trends and seasonality.

*Statistical analysis with R programming:*Upload, read, modify, create data; writing codes to run regressions; computing p-values, confidence intervals; plotting graphs

**Selected Readings**

- Main text book: Introductory Econometrics: A modern approach by Jeffrey M. Wooldridge (Cengage India) (Chapter 1- Chapter 2, Chapter 3, Chapter 4, Chapter 7, Chapter 10)
- Econometric Analysis by William H. Greene (Pearson)
- Microeconometrics: Methods and Applications by A. Colin Cameron and Pravin K. Trivedi (Cambridge)
- Principles of Econometrics- An Introduction using R by Neeraj R. Hatekar (Sage texts)

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