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CHM 323: Solid State Chemistry (4)

Prerequisites: CHM 101, CHM 102, CHM 222

General Concepts, Definitions: Structures of Ionic Solids (crystal chemistry), Metals and Alloys, Band Theory in Solids (Metals, Semiconductors, Inorganic Solids), crystal defects, non-stoichiometric compounds, solid solutions, dislocations and stacking faults.

Structure and Bonding in Solids (Crystalline and Amorphous): Factors governing formation of crystal structures, Lattice Energy, Effective nuclear charge, Kapustinskii’s equation, Sanderson’s Model, Bond Energy and Bond Order calculations, Mooser-Pearson plots, Ionicities, bond valence, bond length, non-bonding electron effects.

Phase Transitions: Buergers’s (reconstructive and displacive), Ubbelohde’s Classification (continuous and discontinuous), Applications of G-T diagrams, kinetics, critical size and nucleation rate, Avrami Equation, Martensitic, order-disorder transitions.

Ionic Conductivity and Solid Electrolytes: Conduction Mechanisms, Alkali Halides, Lithium, Silver, Oxide and Halide Ion conductors, Conductivity measurements (D.C. and A.C methods), Applications to electrochemical cells, batteries, sensors, and fuel cells.

Structure Property Correlation in Inorganic materials: Electronic, Electrical, Magnetic, Optical (Luminescence), Dielectric, Ferroelectric and superconductivity.

Preparative methods: Oxides, nitrides, fluorides and characterization of inorganic solids by different physical (diffraction, microscopic and spectroscopic) techniques.

Suggested Books:

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